Distillation Columns

Explore FIB's distillation columns: Cutting-edge purity and separation technology.

Elevate your distillation process with FIB Industries’ custom-engineered stainless steel, Duplex, and High Ni-alloy distillation columns. Tailor-made for optimal separation, our state-of-the-art craftsmanship and extensive industry experience ensure your project meets global quality standards. From precise design to seamless delivery, we’re your partner in achieving unmatched efficiency and reliability. Trust in our certifications and advanced manufacturing to provide the perfect fit for your needs. Choose FIB Industries—where precision meets durability. Contact us today to transform your operations.


Ready to elevate your project with FIB Industries’ expertise? Our team is here to listen and collaborate, ensuring your needs are met with precision and innovation. Reach out through our contact form below to begin our journey together  – let’s create something remarkable together.

find your solution


frequently asked questions

In today’s fiercely competitive industrial landscape, manufacturers face a pressing challenge: meeting escalating production goals while navigating the risks of unexpected equipment failures. This dangerous combination isn’t just about missed production targets; it’s a direct hit to economic objectives.

A distillation column is a critical apparatus used to separate liquid mixtures into their individual components or fractions based on differences in volatilities. This separation process is essential in both small-scale laboratory settings and large-scale industrial operations. Distillation columns come in various designs, each tailored to specific separation needs and complexity levels. The two primary types are:

• Batch Columns: In a batch column, the entire feed (liquid/gas component) is processed in one go. After distillation, a new batch of feed is introduced. This type is ideal for operations requiring flexibility and processing smaller quantities.

• Continuous Columns: These columns have a constant input and output stream, allowing for a continuous, uninterrupted distillation process. Continuous columns are designed for high throughput and are commonly used in large-scale industrial applications, where efficiency and consistent operation are crucial.

Both batch and continuous distillation columns are utilized to separate two or more liquid or gas components, incorporating various levels of complexity and associated equipment to enhance the distillation process.

At FIB Industries, we specialize in designing and manufacturing advanced distillation columns to meet the specific needs of diverse industries, including petrochemical, chemical, pharmaceutical, and beverage production. Our distillation solutions ensure optimal separation efficiency, safety, and product quality. To explore how our distillation columns can enhance your operations contact us directly. FIB Industries is your trusted partner for cutting-edge distillation technology tailored to your unique requirements.
Distillation columns are vital in various industries for the purification and separation of chemicals. At FIB Industries, we specialize in designing and manufacturing state-of-the-art distillation columns tailored to meet the specific needs of your operations. Here’s where our distillation columns are typically utilized:

– Petrochemical industry: Distillation columns are essential for refining crude oil into various valuable products such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and other petrochemicals. Our advanced designs ensure optimal separation efficiency and safety, crucial in handling heated flammable fluids.

– Chemical industry: These columns are used to purify and separate a wide range of chemical compounds, ensuring the production of high-purity chemicals. Our distillation solutions are customized to meet specific product specifications and enhance process efficiency.

– Pharmaceutical industry: Distillation is critical for the production of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and other pharmaceutical compounds, where purity and precision are paramount. FIB Industries’ distillation columns are designed to meet the stringent quality standards of the pharmaceutical sector.

– Alcoholic beverage production: Distillation columns are used in the production of alcoholic beverages such as whiskey, vodka, and rum, helping to achieve the desired alcohol content and flavor profiles.

At FIB Industries, we provide comprehensive distillation solutions that cater to the unique requirements of each industry. Our expertise in distillation column design and manufacturing guarantees enhanced safety, efficiency, and product quality. To learn more about how our distillation columns can benefit your operations contact us directly. Partner with FIB Industries for cutting-edge distillation technology that drives your production success.
Distillation columns are essential equipment used to separate mixtures based on differences in the boiling points of their components. These columns play a crucial role in various industries by enabling the efficient purification and separation of liquids and gases.

At FIB Industries, we specialize in designing and manufacturing advanced distillation columns tailored to meet the specific needs of diverse applications. Our equipment ensures optimal separation efficiency, safety, and product quality. Whether you need a batch or continuous column, our expertise and innovative solutions will enhance your production capabilities and deliver superior results. Contact FIB Industries to discover how our distillation columns can be integrated into your processes for improved efficiency and quality.
Distillation columns are constructed from materials that optimize performance, durability, and cost-effectiveness. At FIB Industries, we use the highest quality materials to ensure our distillation columns meet the stringent demands of various industrial applications.

– Stainless Steel: Grades such as 6MO, 254SMO, 1.43xx, 1.44xx, 1.45xx, and 1.49xx are commonly used for their excellent balance of thermal conductivity, mechanical strength, and chemical resistance. These materials provide robust performance while minimizing corrosion and maintenance needs.

– Duplex and Super Duplex Stainless Steels: Known for their superior mechanical strength and corrosion resistance, these materials are ideal for high-pressure and high-temperature applications. They offer durability and reliability, reducing the risk of deformation and ensuring long-term stability.

– Lean Duplex and SAF 2507: These are cost-effective alternatives that still provide excellent mechanical strength and corrosion resistance. They are suitable for applications where weight and cost considerations are crucial.

– High Nickel Alloys: These materials are used for their exceptional chemical resistance and high-temperature performance. They are particularly suited for environments with aggressive chemical exposure and extreme operational conditions.

The shell of most distillation columns is typically made of carbon steel due to its economic advantages. For trays and internal components, stainless steel is preferred for its lower thermal conductivity, which helps maintain the efficiency of heat transfer and mass separation processes.

At FIB Industries, our expertise in material selection ensures that our distillation columns deliver optimal performance, longevity, and cost-efficiency. Contact us to learn more about how our high-quality materials can enhance your distillation processes.
Designing a distillation column involves several critical steps to ensure efficient separation based on vapor–liquid equilibrium. Here’s a concise guide:

1. Configure a New Simulation Case: Open your process simulator (e.g., Hysys, Aspen Plus) and set up the basic equipment: column, condenser, reboiler, pumps, and valves.

2. Specify Chemical Components: Define all the chemical components involved in the separation process.

3. Specify Thermodynamic Properties: Use the suggested thermodynamic property package for the defined components.

4. Specify Stream Properties: Input the feed stream properties, including flowrate, composition, temperature, and pressure.

5. Specify Equipment Parameters: Define the necessary parameters for all included equipment by setting the required data.

6. Specify Pumps and Valves: Set pressure differences for pumps and define pressures for valves, assuming safe values if unknown.

7. Specify Column Parameters: Define the number of stages (e.g., 30 trays + 2 stages for reboiler and condenser), feed tray location, column pressure, condenser type, and reboiler parameters.

8. Convergence: Fix the distillate flowrate and reflux ratio to start the simulation. Adjust variables iteratively to meet product specifications and optimize operational conditions.

9. Optimize Parameters: Fine-tune the number of trays, reflux ratio, and pressure to achieve the desired product purity and minimize energy consumption.

FIB Industries can provide comprehensive support and advanced distillation column designs tailored to your specific needs. Contact us for expert assistance in optimizing your distillation processes.
A distillation column operates on the principle of differential distillation, where a heated mixture generates vapors that ascend the column. The column is cooler at the top than at the bottom, causing the vapors to condense at different levels based on their boiling points. Lower boiling point components condense higher up, while higher boiling point components condense lower down.

As the vapors rise, they interact with trays or packing materials that enhance condensation and vaporization cycles, improving separation efficiency. The condensed vapors (distillate) are collected at the top, while the remaining liquid (bottoms) is removed from the bottom. A portion of the distillate is often returned as reflux to maintain efficiency.

Maintaining the right temperature and pressure gradients is crucial for effective separation. Condensers and reboilers at the top and bottom of the column, respectively, help regulate these conditions.

At FIB Industries, we design and manufacture advanced distillation columns tailored to various industrial needs, ensuring optimal performance and high-purity product separation. Contact us to enhance your production processes with our state-of-the-art distillation solutions.
Distillation columns are critical components in a wide range of industries due to their ability to purify and separate chemical mixtures efficiently. Here are the primary industries that utilize distillation columns:

1. Petrochemical Industry: Distillation columns are essential for refining crude oil into various valuable fractions such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and other petrochemicals. They play a crucial role in separating hydrocarbons based on their boiling points.

2. Chemical Industry: These columns are used to separate and purify chemicals, ensuring high-purity outputs. Common applications include the production of solvents, acids, and specialty chemicals like xylene and paraffin.

3. Pharmaceutical Industry: Distillation columns are vital for producing active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and other pharmaceutical compounds. They help achieve the necessary purity levels required for safe and effective medications.

4. Food and Beverage Industry: In this sector, distillation columns are used to produce and refine alcoholic beverages such as whiskey, vodka, and rum. They ensure consistent quality and flavor by separating alcohol from fermentation mixtures.

5. Water Treatment: Distillation columns are used to produce distilled water, which is essential for laboratory use, medical applications, and industries requiring high-purity water.

6. Air Separation: Distillation columns are employed to separate and liquefy gases from the air, such as nitrogen, oxygen, and argon. This is crucial for industries that require pure gases for various applications, including medical, industrial, and scientific uses.

7. Aromatics Production: Distillation is used to produce and purify aromatic compounds like benzene, toluene, and xylene, which are fundamental in the manufacture of plastics, resins, and synthetic fibers.

FIB Industries specializes in designing and manufacturing advanced distillation columns tailored to the specific needs of these diverse industries. Our expertise ensures that our equipment delivers optimal performance, efficiency, and product purity. Contact FIB Industries to learn how our distillation solutions can enhance your production processes across various applications.
A distillation column separates a liquid mixture into its individual components based on their different boiling points. By heating the mixture, the components vaporize and ascend the column, which is cooler at the top. As the vapors rise, they condense at different levels, with lower boiling point components condensing higher up and higher boiling point components condensing lower down. This process allows for the efficient separation and purification of the mixture into its constituent parts, producing high-purity outputs suitable for various industrial applications.

FIB Industries designs and manufactures advanced distillation columns that ensure optimal separation efficiency and product quality, tailored to meet the specific needs of industries such as petrochemical, chemical, pharmaceutical, and food and beverage. Contact us to enhance your production processes with our state-of-the-art distillation solutions.
The reflux ratio in a distillation column is the ratio between the amount of liquid that is condensed and returned to the column (reflux) and the amount of liquid that is collected as distillate. It essentially compares the boil-up rate to the take-off rate. A higher reflux ratio typically means better separation and higher purity of the distillate, but it also requires more energy and can reduce overall efficiency. Balancing the reflux ratio is crucial for optimizing the distillation process.
Flooding in a distillation column occurs when the relative flow rates of vapor and liquid reach a point where the drag force exerted by the rising vapor equals or exceeds the gravitational force acting on the descending liquid. This condition causes the liquid to stop flowing downward and accumulate in the column, severely impacting its efficiency and performance.

At FIB Industries, we design and manufacture distillation columns with advanced features to prevent flooding and ensure optimal operation. Our columns are engineered to maintain proper flow dynamics, enhancing separation efficiency and reliability. Contact us to learn how our state-of-the-art distillation solutions can improve your process performance and prevent issues like flooding.